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The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh is the chief executive of the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Andhra Pradesh is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
Andhra Pradesh was created in 1956 by the merger of the Telangana region of Hyderabad State into Andhra State. Two chief ministers each from the Indian National Congress party had served these predecessor states. The first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh was Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, later the sixth President of India. Including him, 13 out of 16 chief ministers belonged to the Congress party. Among these is P. V. Narasimha Rao, who went on to become the ninth Prime Minister of India. The remaining three chief ministers were from the Telugu Desam Party, including N. Chandrababu Naidu, the longest-serving Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (over eleven years). Naidu is also the current incumbent, serving since 8 June 2014, a few days after Telangana was officially carved out of Andhra Pradesh into a separate state.
Lok Sabha elections have been contested in India since independence starting 1951. The elections held in Andhra Pradesh . It is worth noting that the 1951 election are results from Hyderabad state, since Andhra Pradesh gained statehood, after merging with Telugu speaking Madras, after that election.
The first general elections were conducted in India in 1956, for 249 constituencies representing 26 Districts. In 2009, the Andhra Pradesh State Legislative Assembly has 294 seats representing 23 districts. From 1956 to 1958 the Andhra Pradesh Legislature was Unicameral and from 1958 when the Council was formed, it became bicameral and continued till 1 June 1985 when the Legislative Council was abolished and the Andhra Pradesh Legislature once again Unicameral until March 2007 when it was reestablished and elections were held for its seats as per THE ANDHRA PRADESH LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL BILL, 2004.
In February 2014, the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 bill was passed by the Parliament of India for the formation of Telangana state comprising ten districts. Hyderabad will remain as a joint capital for 10 years for both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The new state of Telangana came into existence on 2 June 2014 after approval from the President of India. The formation of a new state named Telangana from Andhra Pradesh is not considered an amendment to the Constitution of India per article 3 and 4 of that document.
As per the amendment to Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, 7 mandals from Khammam district of Telangana have been transferred to Andhra Pradesh. Four mandals from Bhadrachalam revenue division namely, Chinturu, Kunavaram, Vararamachandrapuram, Bhadrachalam (excluding the Bhadrachalam town) were transferred to East Godavari district. Three mandals namely, Kukunoor, Velerupadu and Burgampadu (except 12 villages namely, Pinapaka, Morampalli, Banjara, Burgampadu, Naginiprolu, Krishnasagar, Tekulapalli, Sarapaka, Iravendi, Motepattinagar, Uppusaka, Nakiripeta and Sompalli) of Palvancha revenue division in Khammam district have been added to West Godavari district. Number of petitions questioning the validity of Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 are pending for verdict for nearly two years before the Supreme court constitutional bench.
Andhra Pradesh is represented by 25 MP's in Lok Sabha. In the Indian general election, 2014, Telugu Desam Party won a majority of 15 seats, out of 25, while Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party won 8 and Bharatiya Janata Party won 2 seats.
Both the houses of the state legislature jointly nominate Members of Parliament to the Rajya Sabha.
Andhra Pradesh legislature assembly has 175 seats. For the election of its members, the state is divided into 175 Assembly Constituencies in which the candidate securing the largest number of votes is declared elected. In the Andhra Pradesh Assembly Elections 2014, the Telugu Desam Party formed the state government having secured a majority of 102 seats.
The Upper House known as the Legislative Council has lesser powers than the Assembly and several of its members are nominated by the Assembly; others are elected from various sections of the society like Graduates and Teachers. Currently the Legislative Council consists of 58 members.